AskDefine | Define abjure

Dictionary Definition

abjure v : formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure; "He retracted his earlier statements about his religion"; "She abjured her beliefs" [syn: recant, forswear, retract, resile]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From Latin abjurare "to deny upon oath", formed from ab- + jurare "to swear", from jus, juris, "right", "law".

Pronunciation

  • RP:
    • /əbˈdʒʊə/

Shorthand

(Version: Anniversary,Pre-Anniversary): a - b - j - u

Verb

  1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow.
    To abjure allegiance to a prince.
    To abjure the realm (to swear to abandon it forever).
  2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate.
    To abjure errors.
    • But this rough magic I here abjure. - Shakespeare, Tempest, V,i
  3. To renounce on oath.

Synonyms

Translations

to renounce upon oath
to renounce with solemnity
to renounce an oath

Extensive Definition

Abjuration is the solemn repudiation, abandonment, or renunciation by or upon oath, often the renunciation of citizenship or some other right or privilege. It comes from the Latin abjurare, "to forswear").
Abjuration of the realm was a type of abjuration in ancient English law that was a renunciation of citizenship, a type of self-imposed exile. The person taking the oath swore never to return to the kingdom unless by permission. This was often taken by fugitives who had taken sanctuary:
In England, an oath of abjuration was taken by members of Parliament, clergy, and laymen, pledging to support the current British monarch and repudiated the right of the Stuarts and other pretenders to the throne. This oath was imposed under William III, George I and George III. It was superseded by the oath of allegiance.
Another famous oath of abjuration was Plakkaat van Verlatinghe of July 26, 1581, the formal declaration of independence of the northern Low Countries from the Spanish king, Philip II. This oath was the climax of the Eighty Years' War (Dutch Revolt).

Sources

abjure in German: Abjuration

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abandon, abdicate, acknowledge defeat, assert the contrary, back down, back out, backwater, belie, brush aside, cease, cede, chuck, chuck out, climb down, come off, contemn, contest, contradict, contravene, controvert, counter, crawfish out, cross, cry quits, cut out, decline, deny, desert, desist, desist from, despise, disaffirm, disallow, disapprove, disavow, discard, disclaim, discontinue, discount, disdain, disgorge, dismiss, disown, dispense with, dispose of, disprove, dispute, disregard, disuse, do without, drop, dump, eat crow, eat humble pie, except, exclude, forgo, forsake, forswear, gainsay, get along without, get rid of, give away, give over, give up, hand over, have done with, ignore, impugn, join issue upon, kiss good-bye, lay down, leave off, let go, make a sacrifice, nol-pros, not accept, not admit, not pursue with, nullify, oppose, palinode, part with, pass by, pass up, push aside, put behind one, quit, quitclaim, rebuff, recall, recant, refuse, refuse to admit, refuse to consider, refute, reject, relinquish, render up, renege, renounce, repel, repudiate, repulse, resign, retract, revoke, sacrifice, scout, shove away, spare, spurn, stop, surrender, swallow, swear off, take back, take issue with, throw away, throw out, throw up, turn away, turn out, unsay, vacate, waive, withdraw, yield
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